注意肠道老化警讯 这时培养体内益菌丛

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现代人饮食多加工、精致食品、肉类,纤维质摄取不够多,再加上久坐与缺乏运动,以致排便不通畅。全台湾约有五百万人饱受便秘之苦,”全台湾肠年龄调查”显示,七成青壮年的肠龄出现老化,每十人中就有五人有便秘困扰。轻则肠胃不适,进一步则影响免疫系统、消化系统。长期便秘会让坏菌过度生长,影响养分与水分吸收,使肠道细菌发酵产生的致癌物质刺激肠黏膜上皮细胞,易诱发大肠癌。

谁适合吃益生菌?

也因此益生菌几乎成为家家户户的必备基本保健品,借此整肠顾胃排除毒素。不过哪些人适合吃益生菌?益生菌是所有益菌的通称,高达9成以上都属于乳酸菌,不同菌种有不同的功能,对身体可以说是好处多多!一般人熟知的功效,有促进肠道菌种平衡,增进肠道健康,帮助消化、改善腹泻、预防肠道疾病,还能改善呼吸道及皮肤过敏,兼具降血压与降低血清中的胆固醇浓度,甚至能减缓忧郁焦虑症状,不同菌种有着不同的功能!因此饮食不均衡的现代人、经常熬夜、过敏体质者、免疫功能不佳者,都应该适时补充好菌、抑制坏菌,及早打造健康的肠道环境,预防疾病。

益生菌菌数越多越好?

不过中国文化大学生命科学系詹伊琳助理教授表示,市面上有些益生菌产品标榜菌数、菌种多,其实不一定对身体有帮助。因为人类的肠道只能定殖一定数目的益菌,超量的益菌反而会影响益生菌的作用,让菌株间相互争夺生存空间,反而无法发挥应有的功能。她表示:最适合的菌数介于20 亿到100亿之间,若超过100 亿菌株的产品,菌株的定殖率有疑虑。

补充膳食纤维有助益菌生长

詹伊琳助理教授亦指出:肠道好菌也需要食物来获得生长能量,才会长得好。益生菌存活、繁殖的关键因素在于其所需的特殊营养,以利益生菌的存活、繁殖的益菌生(Probiotic),像是膳食纤维,如菊糖、寡糖。能促进益菌生长,抑制坏菌数量。实验证实必须含有2g 的益菌生,才能有效促进益菌生长,达到事半工倍的效果。

 

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